Glaciers in Himachal Pradesh

Share if you like it

The Himalayas which have nearly 15,000 glaciers – are one of the largest continental areas under ice. It is estimated that about 33,000 square kilometers constituting about 17 percent of the Himalayas and 16000 square kilometers amounting to nearly 37 percent of the Karakoram range are ice clad. An average Himalayan glacier has a capacity of about a tenth of a cubic kilometer, but even a medium glacier can provide enough water to fill a large dam like Bhakra, which has capacity of about 8 cubic kilometers.

Bara Shigri: It is the largest glacier in Himachal Pradesh.

located in the Chandra valley of Lahaul and feeding the river Chenab.

about 3 kilometer wide and 25 kilometer long.

In 1958, two women mountaineers successfully trekked it.

In 1970, Major Baljit Singh who trekked it successfully.

Other prominent glacier of Chandra valley in Lahaul are– Chhota Shigri, Pacha, Kulti, Shipting, Ding Karmo, Tapn, Gyephang, Shilli, Bolunag and Shamundri.

Gyephang glacier – named after the supreme deity of Lahaul valley- Gyephang deity which had temple at Sarahan. The Gyephang peak most well known is shaped somewhat like Matterhorn in Switzerland is snow clad throughout the year.

The Miland glacier to the North of Kulti is located between Darcha and Khekrar. This glacier was first climbed by the National Union of Students Expedition in 1939.

Bhadal Glacier: located on the South-Western slopes of the Pir Panjal range in the Bara  Banghal area of Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. The river Bhadal is fed by this glacier, which is one of the main tributaries of the river Ravi.

Chandra Glacier: It is located on the slopes of the main Himalaya in the Lahaul-Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh.

This glacier for forming Chandratal lake and has originally separated from Bara Shigri glacier. River Chandra receive water from this river.

Bhaga Glacier: located on the slopes of the main Himalayan range in Lahaul area of Himachal Pradesh. The river Bhaga originates from the glacier. High snow clad peaks surround this glacier on all sides. It is 25 kilometer long.

The main glacier in Pattan valley are Shila, Kugti, Lainghar, Doksha and Nilkant.

The important glacier of the Bhaga valley are Milang, Mukkila, Lady of Keylong and Gangstang.

ChandraNahan: located on the South-Eastern slopes near Rohru in Himachal Pradesh. The river Pabbar is fed by this glacier. The glacier is surrounded by high rising peaks, having elevations about 6000 meters.

The lady of Keylong: located at an altitude of about 6061 meters visible from Keylong. It was named so by ‘Lady Elashainghday’ about a century  ago during the British Raj. It remains snow covered round the year. In the middle, there is seen a dark bare patch that looks like the figure of a woman, walking with a load on her back. Geological Survey of India has also recorded it as the ‘LADY OF KEYLONG’.

Gora Glacier: located on the South-facing slopes of the main Himalayan range of Himachal Pradesh. Gora glacier has receded in the recent past due to a negative mass balance.

Mukkila Glacier: The Mukkila glacier of Bhaga valley is situated at the height of about 6478 meters.

Sonapani: it is only about five and half kilometer from the confluence of Kutli Nala and has been serveyed twice. First in 1906 by Walker and Pascoe and second time in 1957 by Kurion and Munshi from the Geological Survey of India. Sonapani glacier is visible from the Rohtang Pass.

Dudhon and Parbati: These glacierare located in district Kullu having length of 15 Kilometer each. They fed the river Parbati.

Perad Glacier: The Perad Glacier is a small, easily accessible near Putiruni, which in local dialect means broken rock, that has a nice too.

Miyar Glacier: is 12 kilometer long in Lahaul area, feeding the river Miyar.

Beas Kund: This glacier is the feeder of the river Beas and is located on the south facing, slopes of the towering Pir Panjal near the world famous Rohtang Pass.

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!
%d bloggers like this: