Hamirpur History Notes

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Hamirpur History

  • The present district of Hamirpur in ancient times was part of Trigarta i.e. Kangra.
  • According to the “Puranas” and Panini’s “Ashtadhyayi”, Hamirpur was a part of the old Jalandhar-Trigarta empire.
  • According to Panini, people of trigarta are great fighters and warriors.
  • During the time of the Gupta dynasty, this area was part of Gupta empire.
  • This area also remained under the control of Mohammed Gazani, Timurlang, and Mughals.
  • When Hamir Chand was Raja of Kangra, this area(Hamirpur) was under the rule of Ranas.
  • At that time, Ranas of Mehalta, Dhatwal, and Mewa were prominent Ranas of this area.
  • Katoch dynasty conquered these Ranas and put them under control. During the period of Hamir Chand(AD 1700-47), Katoch family became predominant in this area.
  • A Fort was built by Hamir Chand near Hamirpur.
  • The name ‘Hamirpur’ was derived from the name of Raja Hamir Chand.

Sansar Chand-II

  • During the period of Raja Sansar Chand-II, Hamirpur came into limelight.
  • Sansar Chand shifted his capital to ‘Sujanpur Tira’. He also erected temples and palaces there.
  • His dream was to establish the Jalandhar-Trigarta(old empire).
  • The rise of Sikhs under Raja Ranjit Singh prevent his empire to expand, Which makes him turn his attention towards the hill states.
  • Then he made Raja Ishwari Sen(Mandi Raja) a prisoner for 12 years at Chaumukhi fort, Nadaun.
  • He also extracted an annual tribute from Suket.
  • He also annexed territory of Kahlur on the right bank of the Satluj.
  • All the hill chiefs joined hands against Sansar Chand and invited the Gurkhas to invade Kangra.
  • At Mahal Morian, Gurkhas with combined forces fought against Sansar Chand’s army.
  • The combined forces were defeated by the Katoch forces and drove them to the left banks of Satluj.
  • After the battle, Sansar Chand was advised his General Gulam Mohammed, he replaced his army with Rohillas. Rohillas were trained to fight in hilly areas.
  • When Gurkha came to know about Rohillas’ weakness, Gurkha forces again attacked the Kangra troops and defeated the Kangra forces in 1806 A.D.
  • After his defeat, Raja Sansar took shelter in the Kangra fort. Kangra fort seize started and the entire area of Kangra was ruthlessly looted by Gurkhas.
  • At Nadaun, Ishwari Sen was released by Gurkhas.
  • For three years, the siege of Kangra fort continued.
  • Sansar Chand requested the Raja Ranjit Singh to help him against Gurkhas.
  • In 1809, Ranjit Singh started war against the Gurkhas and defeated them.
  • Sansar Chand had to lose Kangra fort and 66 villages to the Sikhs.
  • In 1846, Sikhs maintained their autonomy over Kangra and Hamirpur.

Sikhs and The British

  • Sikhs were driven out by Britishers, after the First Anglo-Sikh War.
  • After that, the area remained under British supremacy.
  • Sansar Chand died as a most disappointed man.
  • Raja Pramudh Chand tried vainly to remove the British, but with no success.
  • The British made Kangra(Hamirpur as a part) a district.
  • Later, Kullu and Lahaul-Spiti were also merged in Kangra district.
  • Nadaun was made a tehsil in 1846 by the British Commissioner of Jallandhar Doab.
  • In 1868, tehsil headquarters was changed from Nadaun to Hamirpur.
  • In 1888, Hamirpur and Kangra tehsils were merged in the newly created Palampur tehsil.

Nadaun Fief

  • In past, Nadaun was part of the Kangra princely state.
  • In 1823, Jagir of Nadaun was granted to the Raja Jodhbir Chand by the British.
  • Nadaun is mentioned as the ‘city of Innocent’ by Bulleh Shah.
  • The famous saying about Nadaun “Aaye Nadaun Jaaye Kaun” (who comes to Nadaun would never want to go back) is written by Bulleh Shah.

Raja Jodhbir Chand(AD 1823-1873)– son of Sansar Chand II.

  • For his family maintenance, Nadaun Jagir was granted to him.
  • When Jodhbir Chand was Raja, the administration of the state was transferred from EIC to the British Crown in 1858.

Raja Amar Chand(AD 1873-90)

  • He was born in 1837 and succeeded his father Raja Jodhbir Chand.
  • Raja Amar Chand died in 1890.

Raja Narendra Chand(AD 1890-1924)

  • He succeeded his father, Raja Amar Chand.
  • He was conferred C.S.I in 1907 and title of Raja as a hereditary distinction by the Viceroy of India Lord Minto.
  • Raja Narendra Chand died in 1924.

Raja Mahendra Chand(AD 1924-1935)

  • He succeeded his father, Raja Narendra Chand.
  • Raja Mahendra Chand died in 1935.

Raja Rajendra Chand(AD 1935-78)

  • He was succeeded his father Raja Rajendra Chand.
  • He was born in 1908 and became the fifth Raja of Nadaun.
  • Raja Rajendra Chand died in 1970 and was succeeded by his son Raja Maheshwar Chand.

Raja Maheshwar Chand

  • He was born in 1952 and became the 6th Raja of Nadaun since 1970.
  • Till 1 November 1966, Hamirpur was part of Punjab.
  • Hamirpur was created as a Separate distt, on 1 September 1972. At that time, the Hamirpur district consists of two tehsils(Hamirpur and Barsar).
  • Three more tehsils Tira Sujanpur, Nadaun, and Bhoranj were created in 1980.

Read Also: Kangra History Notes

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