Kangra Off-shoots History Notes

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Guler State

  • Guler was originally known as Gwalior, which is derived from ‘Gopala’ or ‘Gwala’.
  • Guler of olden times formed the Dehra area of Kangra district.
  • According to the tradition, a Gwala pointed out the Raja Hari Chand, the site where a tiger and goat were seen drinking water together, as a suitable place for his capital.

Hari Chand (AD 1405)

  • Earlier Hari Chand was the ruler of Kangra in A.D. 1405.
  • Hari Chand selected the site for his new capital and Gwala(Cowherd) was offered as a sacrifice to ensure the stability of the fort.
  • While Hunting Raja Hari Chand was trapped in a well and was rescued by a passing merchant after 22 days.
  • The merchant was later rewarded with an exemption on taxes on his goods. This right was respected by all Rajas until the British Annexation of Kangra(1846).
  • Hari Chand first settled at Harsar and later moved to the fort of Haripur(Guler).
  • Hari Chand founded his new kingdom and built the fort and named it after himself(Haripur). this fort was destroyed by an earthquake in AD 1905. The name of his clan was Guleria.
  • His younger brother, Karam Chand of Kangra also gifted him two forts adjoining his territories and Trilokpur.
  • He also founded the town of Haripur.

Ram Chand (AD 1540-70)

  • He was the fifteenth Raja in direct succession after Hari Chand(founder).
  • He gave refugee to Islam Shah, son of Sher Shah Suri.
  • Islam Shah used to call him Raja Parshuram(from Ram).
  • Ram Chand also helped Raja Pratap Singh Varman(AD 1559-86) of Chamba against Kangra.
  • Raja Dharam Chand(AD 1528-63) of Kangra had captured ‘Kotla’ from Guler, which was restored to Guler with the help of Mughals.
  • Raja Ram Chand also helped to arrest Raja Jai Chand of Kangra.

Jagdish Chand (A.D. 1570)

  • In 1572, Akbar sent a strong force to suppress the revolt in the hills, but the Raja Jagdish Chand of Guler did not participate in the revolt. Akbar also restored the part of the Guler state seized by Dharam Chand of Kangra.
  • In 1588-89, another revolt broke out in the hills, but there is no reference of Guler in this revolt.
  • In 1594-95, another revolt broke out in which most of the hill chiefs, between Jammu and Satluj were involved. But Guler Raja was also not a part of this revolt.

Vijaya Chand (A.D. 1605)

  • His reign lasted only a few years.
  • His younger brother Rup Chand ascended to the throne.

Rup Chand (A.D. 1610)

  • He was the most powerful Raja of Guler.
  • In 1620, during the reign of Jahangir, in the final seize of Kangra fort, he took an active part in the imperial army.
  • He helped Mughal Forces of Jahangir when Prince Khurram(Shahjahan) revolted(in 1623 AD) with help of Raja Jagat Singh of Nurpur.
  • He received the title of Bahadur’ for his services and also got an elephant along with a Horse.
  • He also helped Mughal Commander Najbhat Khan in 1634 when they attacked Garhwal(Raja Prithvi Shah). He was killed in the battle.

Man Chand Singh (A.D.1635)

  • He succeeded his father Rup Chand.
  • Shahjahan gave him the title of ‘Singh’ for his Bravery
  • From his time the suffix ‘Singh’ was used in the family.
  • Shahjahan also called him ‘Sher Afghan’.
  • He also helped Mughals in suppressing the revolt of Raja Jagat Singh of Nurpur in 1641-42 AD.
  • He helped the Mughal army in the seizes of ‘Maukot’ and ‘Taragarh’in A.D. 1641-42.
  • He was with the Mughal army under Aurangzeb in A.D. 1647 for the seize of Kandhar.
  • The fort of Mangarh was built by him.
  • After abdicating the throne in favor of his son, he retired to ‘Banares’, where he died in A.D. 1661.

Bikram Singh (A.D. 1661)

  • He was famous for his physical strength.
  • He could break a coconut in pieces with his figures.
  • Mughals made him the ‘Thanedar of Kangra’.
  • He assisted Mughals against Pathans and was mortally wounded and died at a place called ‘Chauntra’.

Raj Singh (A.D. 1675)

  • He succeeded his father Bikram Singh.
  • At that time, ‘Khwaja Riza Beg’ was Viceroy of Lahore, who used to make inroads in the hill states.
  • Rajas of Guler, Chamba, Jammu, and Basholi combined against him and recovered their lost territories.
  • He also defeated the Mughal forces under Kiladar of Kangra fort(Hussain Khan), to save Mandi and Kahlur from similar oppression.

Dalip Singh (A.D. 1695)

  • He was only seven years old when his father died in AD 1695.
  • He was under the guardianship of Raja Udai Singh of Chamba.
  • Taking advantage of Dalip Singh’s minority, Rajas of Jammu and Basholi invaded Guler. But Udai Singh with the help of Siba, Kahlur, and Mandi drove them out.
  • Another attempt by Hussain Khan (Kiladar of Kangra) was repulsed by the state subjects.
  • He died in A.D. 1730.

Govardhan Singh (A.D. 1730)

  • He defeated Adina Beg Khan(Governor of the Jallandhara), over a quarrel for his horse.
  • After Nadir Shah’s attack on Delhi(1739), many artists took refuge in hills.
  • He was the first major patron of Kangra’s paintings in Himachal hills.

Prakash Singh (A.D. 1760)

  • By his time, the Mughal empire had lost its power because of the attacks of Marathas and Ahmad Shah Durrani.
  • In 1758, Guler came under the control of Ghamand Chand of Kangra.
  • But later in 1785 Wazir Dhian Singh of Guler, succeeded to capture ‘Kotla’ fort when it was evacuated by Mughal forces.

Bhup Singh (A.D. 1790)

  • He was the last ruling chief of Guler.
  • He helped Gurkhas against Sansar Chand during Kangra fort seize.
  • He called Maharaja Ranjit Singh as ‘Baba’.
  • In 1811, Guler was the first to be annexed by the Maharaja. Desa Singh Majithia successfully captured Kotla fort.
  • Bhup Singh was given a Jafir which was one fourth of his state.
  • He died in 1820 and was succeeded by his son Samsher Singh.

Raja Shamsher Singh(A.D. 1826-77)

  • He received the fort of Haripur and had only a female issue.
  • During the first Sikh war, he liberated Haripur fort.
  • He died in 1877.
  • Due to no male heir, the state lapsed to the British empire.

Raja Jai Singh(A.D. 1878-84)

  • He was the brother of Shamsher Singh.
  • He was allowed to succeed after one year as an “act of grace”.
  • He was also granted the title of ‘raja’.

Raja Ragunath Singh(A.D. 1884-1920)

  • He was conferred the title of raja’ as a hereditary distinction on 15th March 1909 by the Viceroy of India Lord Minto.
  • He died on 9th March 1920.

Raja Baldev Chand(A.D. 1920-59)

  • He became the first Viceregal Darbari in Kangra district. Within his jagir, he exercises criminal and civil power.
  • He died in 1959.

Raja Brijesh Chand

  • He is the successor of Guler, since 1959.

Jaswan State

  • In A.D. 1170, Jaswan state was said to be founded by ‘Purab Chand’. Earlier, the state of Kangra had remained undivided. Thus Jaswan was the first offshoot from the parent stem.
  • ‘Rajpura’was the capital of the state and the clan name is Jaswal.
  • The state of Jaswan occupied a fertile tract in the Jaswan Dun of the outer Hills(now in Una district). This track is a long and narrow track whic is about 40 miles long and five miles broad.
  • It is bounded on the South and West by Shivalik Hills and the Punjab plains, on the North by Siba and Datarpur and on the East by Kangra, Kutlehr, and Kahlur.

Trick:

  • Jaswan Dun Valley is a rich and fertile valleywhich is drained by the river Swan.
  • Jaswan was also a subject to the Mughals from the time of Akbar.
  • In 1572 A.D., Jai Chand(Kangra Raja) was arrested and sent to Delhi, he put his son(Bidhi Chand), then a minor, in charge of Raja Gobind Chand of Jaswan, who successfully defended the fort of Kangra.
  • In A.D. 1588-89, when Bidhi Chand of Kangra revolted against Mughals Anirudh Chand of Jaswan(grandson of Gobind Chand), also joined the rebellion.
  • The revolt was suppressed by the Mughals. On their submission, they were all pardoned.
  • Jaswan state remained loyal to the Imperial Darbar untill its decline. After decline of the Mughals,Jaswan came under the control of the Sikhs.
  • In 1786, Raja Sansar Chand annexed Jaswan State.
  • Later on, when Gurkhas wasinvited to invaded Kangra, Jaswan gave also helped Gurkhas against Sansar Chand.
  • Umed Chand was Raja of Jaswan at that time.
  • After capturing Kangra fort in 1809 by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Jaswan state was annexed by Sikhs in 1815 A.D.
  • In AD 1815, the Ranjit Singh summoned all his forces and tributaries to assemble at Sialkot.
  • But the Rajas of Jaswan and Nurpur failed to obey the summons, for which Ranjit Singh fined them beyond their capacity.
  • Raja Umed Singh resigned his state, accepted a Jagir of Rs. 12,000.
  • In 1848 A.D., in second Sikh war, Umed Singh supported Sikhs, for which Umed Singh and his son Jai Singh were deported to Almora, where they both died.

Raja Ran Singh(AD 1863-92)

  • He married the Princess of Jammu and received the jagir of Ramkot in Jammu.
  • He was not given the title of Raja by British.
  • In 1877, the jagir in Jaswan, consisting of 21 villages was restored to the Raja. he also receives the family garden at Amb and buildings at Rajpura at the request of Maharaja, Ranbir Singh of Jammu and Kashmir.

Raja Raghunath Singh(AD 1892-1918)

  • On the account of his ancient lineage, he was granted the title of ‘Raja’ but this can passed through inheritance. Also the title did not grant him the right to administer law and order in his jagir.

Raja Lakshman Singh

  • He was 31st Raja of Jaswan from 1918 to 1945.

Raja Chain Singh(AD 1948-48)

  • He was 32nd Raja of Jaswan from 1945 to 1948.
  • At the time of partition, he moved to Amb leaving behind the royal pal aces empty at Ramkot.
  • He died in 2014.

Siba State

  • Siba was a small state, bounded on the South by Jaswan, on the South West and West by the Punjab plains, on the North by Guler and on the East by Datarpur and Kangra.

Trick:

  • In A.D. 1450, Sibram Chand(younger brother of Guler Chief) founded Siba state. . The name of the clan is ‘Sibaia’.
  • For early history of the state very little information is available. However, Siba is mentioned in Jahangir’s Memories.
  • Jahagir and Noor Jahan visited Siba in A.D. 1622.
  • Siba remained under Sansar Chand of Kangra from 1786 till Gurkha invasion in 1806. Gobind Singh was the Raja of that time.
  • In 1808, Raja Bhup Singh(Guler) annexed Siba.
  • In 1809, Siba came under Ranjit Singh.
  • In 1830, Siba was restored to Raja Gobind Singh but one fourth part to Mian Devi Singh(nephew of Raja Govind Singh).
  • After Gobind Singh, his son Raja ram Singh became Raja of state.
  • During the Second Sikh wawr, he(Ram Singh) fought against the Sikhs and was able to regain the Siba Fort. He also acquired ‘Kotla Fort’ for his cousin Mian Devi Singh.
  • In 1848, Britishers acquired Siba Jagir (territory of Mian Devi Singh) alongwith its other sister states namely Datarpur, Jawan, and Guler. Thereafter, Britishers linked Datarpur to Siba and presently known as Dada-Siba.
  • Raja Ram Singh, regained his state with the help of his brother Sunder Singh.
  • He also restored the Radha Krishan Temple in Siba.
  • Later in 1858, 1/4 th of Siba State was restored to Bijai or Vijay Singh son of Mian Devi Singh by the Britishers.
  • After the creation of Dada-Siba, Jai Singh son of Bijai Singh was made Raja of Dada-Siba Jagir. Sunder Singh, brother of Raja Ram Singh, who was looking for the seat of wazir of Siba. For this, he went to Lahore in a horse race, he stood first there.
  • He(Sunder Singh) often visited Lahore, on way a famous village Chak Ladian, there he had warm welcome by the local people.
  • Raja Ram Singh died without heir in A.D. 1874 and his Jagir was transferred to Bijai Singh.
  • He(Ram Singh) was succeeded by his son, Raja Jai Singh, who died in 1920.
  • Raja Sham Singh(in AD 1926) then became head of the family.
  • The state is generally spoken as ‘DADA-SIBA’ named after the two adjoining places.

Datarpur State

  • This state is about half the size of Jaswan. This state possesses the same physical characteristics, but less fertile.
  • This was an off-shoot from Siba, founded by Datar Chand in about A.D. 1550.
  • Datar Chand was third son of Manak Chand(Raja of Siba).
  • The clan name of the family is ‘Dadwal.
  • There is no information available about the history of the state from 1550-1785 A.D.
  • In 1786, Datarpur was under the control of Raja Sansar Chand.
  • In 1806, Raja Gobind Chand supported the Gurkhas in their invasion of Kangra.
  • In 1809, the state came under Maharaja Ranjit Singh who reduced it to the status of Jagir.
  • When Gobind Chand died in 1818, Ranjit Singh decided to annex his territory.

Raja Jagat Chand

  • He succeeded in 1818 and remained head of the family till 1877.
  • In 1818 he received a Jagir of Rs 4600/-per annum revenue and surrendered the state .
  • In 1848, was deported to Almora, when he revolted along with Katoch princes, where he died in 1877.
  • Raja Jagat Singh continued holding this Jagir till 1848.

Raja Devi Chand

  • He became the 12th raja of Datarpur in 1883.
  • His sons Mian Surma Chand and Raghbir Chand were granted a pension of Rs 420/- per annum by the British Government.

Mian Surma Chand

  • He was a General in the army of the Maharaja of Jammu. He also resided in Jammu.

Raja Baldev Chand

  • He was son of Mian Raghbir Chand and had a son named Tikka Durga Chand. He died in 1960.

Raja Durga Chand

  • He is currently the owner and head of the royal family of Datarpur.

Bangahal State

  • Like Kutlehr, a brahmin(Pal) founded the state of Bangahal In about 1200 A.D.
  • The capital of the state was Bir in Bir Bangahal.
  • The Raja of Bangahal were of ‘Chandravanshi’ race. Their clan name is ‘Bangahalia’.
  • Bangahal lost much of its territory in invasions by Mandi and Kullu between 1240 to 1637 A.D.

Prithi Pal (A.D. 1710)

  • He was the son-in-law of Sidh Sen(Mandi).
  • His sister was married to Man Singh of Kullu.
  • Sidh Sen invited him(Prithi Pal) to Mandi and received with great honour. Within a month, he was Killed at ‘Damdama Palace’.
  • Sidh Sen then advanced towards Bangahal.
  • His (Prithi Pal) mother appealed to Man Singh of Kullu for help. The Mandi forces were driven back, but a big territory was kept by Kullu forces.

Raghunath Pal (A.D. 1720)

  • Prithi Pal was succeeded by his son Raghunath Pal.
    During his reign, he defended two invasions by Raja Sidh Sen of Mandi.
  • In the first invasion, Sidh Sen tried to seize ‘Karanpur’ but was repulsed
  • In second invasion, Sidh Sen penetrated as far as ‘Kotharlu Galu’ but was again driven back with the help of Kullu.
  • Later, Shamsher Sen, seized Karanpur, while Raghunath Pal was not in Bangahal.

Dalel Pal (A.D. 1735)

  • During his reign, a combined attack was made on Bangahal by Mandi, Kullu, Guler, Kahlur, Guler, Jaswan and Nalagarh. In this invasion most of the terrritory was taken by Mandi and Kullu.

Man Pal (A.D. 1749)

  • He was left with small area by combined force attack.
  • He died on his way to Delhi to seek help from Mughals.
  • In his absence, state was attacked by forces of Kangra and guler and Man Pal’s son Nihal Pal was given refuge by Chamba Raja Raj Singh.
  • In 1758, Sansar Chand married the daughter of Man Pal and help Man Pal’s son Uchal Pal to recover territory but he failed.
  • Uchal Pal died and left three sons and a daughter under Sansar Chand’s protection.

Kutlehr State

  • In all principalities of the Kangra, Kutlehr was the ‘smallest’.
  • The founder was a ‘Brahman, but when he acquired the regal power, he was recognised as a Rajput.
  • In 10th or 11th century, Jas Pal, conquered ‘Talhati’ and ‘Kutlehr’ taluqas. He established his capital at ‘Kot Kutlehr’.
  • Bhajji and Koti in the Shimla hills were founded by his son and grandson respectively. The clan name is Kutlehria.
  • In the Mohammedan histories of the time, there is no reference to the state.
  • Ghamand Chand of Kangra annexed the Northern province of the state, ‘Chauki’ in A.D. 1758.
  • In 1786, State was completely seized by Sansar Chand. The Raja was restored with his territory during the Gurkha invasion.
  • From 1809, the state state remained under the Sikhs.
  • In A.D. 1825, Mahaharaja Ranjit Singh annexed it fully and also laid seize to the fort of ‘Kotwalbah’.
  • For two months, Raja ‘Narain Pal’ successfully defended the fort. Raja agreed to surrender the fort, when he was promised a Jagir of Rs. 10,000.
  • Originally Jagir was in Hoshiarpur, but later exchanged for villages in Kutlehr taluqa.
  • Raja Narain Pal died in 1864.
  • ‘Rajendra Pal’ son of Raja Narain Pal succeeded him.
  • Raja ‘Brijmohan Pal’ was the last known head of the family.

Nurpur State

  • Nupur- a small state about 48 km long and 20 miles in width was bounded on the North-East by Chamba, on the East and South-East by Guler, on the South by Gurdaspur district of Punjab and on the North-West by Basholi.
  • The state of Nurpur once included Pathankot and a large tract on the plains. It also included the whole of the present Nurpur tehsil with the addition of Shahpur and Kandi(now a part of Gurdaspur) and small tract to West of Ravi.
  • Original name of Nurpur was Pathankot.
  • In Mughal Period name was-Paithan.
  • In ancient times name was-‘Audumbara’ which contains two towns of Nurpur and Pathankot(today names).
  • Old Hindu name of Nurpur-Dhameri.
  • Dhameri name was changed to Nurpur in the reign of Raja Jagat Singh by Jahangir in honor of his wife, Noor Jahan.
  • Clan Name-Pathania.
  • Rajas of Pathankot and Nurpur were called “Pandi” or descendants of Pandavas- a claim which they share with the royal families of Basholi, Kullu, Bhada Bhadrawah, Mandi and Suket.
  • From the Vishnu Purana and the Brihatsamhita of Varahamihira
    in ancient days the district was called Audumbara.
    In Pathankot, numerous coins have been found.
  • The most fascinating coins found at Pathankot were coins of Pathankot itself.
  • These are copper coins with a temple on one face and elephant on the other side. Beside the temple are symbols of Swastika, Dharma and underneath is a snake.
  • The name Patisthana is written on a coin that shows that it was the old name of Pathankot and the ancient capital of state-Audumbara.
  • A legend on Dharaghosh’s coins- “Mahadevasjna Dharaghosha Audumbaras” which means “of a great lord, King Dharaghosha, prince of Audumbaras”. This is written in Kharoshti and Brahmi script.
  • Founder Raja of Nurpur state was ‘Jhet Pal’, younger brother of Delhi king in 1000 AD.
  • Raja Jas Pal ruled from 1313-1337 was contemporary of Ala-ud-din-khilji.

Kailash Pal(1353-97)

  • He defeated Tatar Khan, governor of Khorasan(General of Muhammad Bin Tuglaq).
  • He constructed an irrigation canal from river Ravi to Pathankot.

Nag Pal (A.D. 1397-1438)

  • He received his name from the fact that Nag was born along with him.
  • The snake was put into a well and is still regarded as the family Deity of the Pathania clan.

Bakht Mal (A.D. 1513-58)

  • From his reign, the surname of ‘Pal’ to ‘Mal’.
  • According to the ‘Akbarnama’, he was attached to the Lodhi dynasty.
  • After the flight of Humanyun in A.D. 1540, he came close to Sher Shah Suri.
  • Salim Shah Sur (A.D. 1545-53) son of Sher Shah Sur erected the famous fortress of ‘Maukot’ during the reign of Bakht Mal.
  • He supported Sikander Sur in 1557 against Akbar. Bakht Mal was given death in Lahore by Bairam khan in 1558.
  • His brother Takht Mal was made raja.
  • Bakht Mal said to have built the fort of ‘Shahpur’ on river Ravi naming it after ShahSur family.

Pahari Mal (A.D. 1558-80)

  • According to Mohammadan Histories, his name was Takht Mal(Pahari Mal)
  • According to Sir A. Cunningham, his name was Bihari Mal.
  • His reign was quite peaceful and trouble-free.
  • He wants to shift his capital from Pathankot to Dhameri but before doing so he passed away.

Basu Dev (A.D. 1580-1613)

  • He transferred his capital from Pathankot to Dhameri during the reign of Akbar.
  • Dhameri was later renamed by his son Jagat Singh as Nurpur in 1622.
  • He revolted many times against Mughals, during the first revolt, Akbar sent his commander in chief Hasan Beg Umri but before the attack, Basu approached Todar Mal for mercy. Most of these revolts were on the instigation of Prince Salim against his father.
  • In 2nd revolt, Akbar sent Mirza Rustam and Asif Khan but they refused due to old friendship with Raju Basu.
  • Later Raja Basu developed good relations with Jahangir who deputed him to capture Khurram (Shahjahan) on his flight in 1606.
  • In 1611, Jahangir sent an army under Raja Basu against Raja of Mewar(Udaipur).
  • He died in A.D. 1613.

Suraj Mal (A.D. 1613-18)

  • He was eldest son of Raja Basu.
  • In 1615, he was appointed to join Sheikh Farid(Murtaza Khan) to capture Kangra fort, soon he was called back to Delhi and attached with Shahjahanin Deccan Because he had querrel with Murtaza Khan.
  • In 1617, he was again appointed to capture Kangra.
  • Suraj mal began to querrel with Taqui, this time Taqui was recalled at that Kangra territory was Jagir of Noorjajah’s father Ghiyas Beg (Itimad-ud-Daula).
  • Suraj Mal started revolt against Mughal authority.
  • In 1617, Suraj Mal along with Shah Quli Khan and Mohammed Taqui seize the Kangra fort.
  • Now Jahangir sent Sunder Das Rai Riyan and Jagat Singh younger brother of Suraj Mal who was invited from Bengal to suppress revolt and capture Kangra.
  • On hearing this Suraj Mal took refuge in Chamba where he was killed by Chamba’s Raja Janardhan.

Jagat Singh (A.D. 1619-46)

  • He was made King by Jahangir for his service of capturing Kangra fort when Suraj Mal revolted.
  • Jagat Singh also captured Basholi in 1613-14 after making a false case in Mughal court which sent Bhupat Pal(Basholi) to prison for 14 years.
  • Rajas of Guler and Suket were also victims of false allegations of Jagat Singh and went jail.
  • He also revolted many times against Mughals but he was having good terms with Shahjahan and supported him in revolt Jahangir (1623).
  • Jahangir took the help of Madho Singh(younger brother of Suraj Mal).
  • Jagat Singh used to address Noorjahan as Beti(Daughter).
  • Jahangir and Noorjahan visited Dhameri during the period of Raja Jagat Singh (1622) and Jahangir changed name Dhameri to Nurpur in 1622.
  • Noorjahan was impressed and ordered a royal palace to built, a sanction of Rs 1,00,000 was made but later Noorjahan shelved the idea of the palace.
  • The area between Chakki and Ravi was given to younger son Bhau Singh of Jagat Singh, who became Muslim during Shahjahan’s time and became Mohammadan Murid Khan and got Shahpur by Shahjahan in 1650 AD. This territory came under Sikhs in 1781 AD.
  • Later Shahjahan gave him Mansab.
  • In 1638 Jagat Singh was appointed Faujdar of Bangash(Afghanistan).
  • Jagat Singh had founded Taragarh fort.
  • In 1641, he faced Mughals unsuccessfully and surrendered in 1642 but pardoned and was reinstated.
  • In the same year, Jagat Singh was placed under command of eldest Prince Murad Baksh towards Qandahar expeditions.
  • Jagat Singh along with brother Madho Singh and son Rajrup, who in 1645 AD was sent by Shahjahan with a force of 14,000 Rajputs, raised in his territory and paid by the emperor, was sent against Uzbeks of Balk and Badakhshan.
  • In 1645, Jagat Singh was deputed on a mission to Bakh and Badakhshan. On return, Jagat Singh died in Peshawar in 1646 AD.
  • Under Jagat Singh, Nurpur state reached its zenith of prosperity.
  • Dhanpal Ashram was founded by Narayan, a Brahmin of Gurdaspur, and a temple was built by Jagat Singh in its vicinity and a Rang Mahal.

Rajrup Singh (A.D. 1646-1661)

  • He was appointed as Raja by Shahjahan and spent the last years of his life in the services of Aurangzeb.
  • In 1650, Shajahan gave him a fief, the portion of Nurpur state, including the taluqas of Shahpur, ‘Palahi and ‘Kandi.
  • The capital of the state was Shahpur.
  • In 1686, Bhau Singh(younger brother of Rajroop Singh ) embraced Islam and also served Mughals along with his father in the campaign of Badakhshan.
  • He also ditched Dara Sikoh when the war of succession was going amongst princes of Shajahan in 1657-58.
  • Later Aurangzeb sent him to catch Sulaiman shikoh in Garhwal.
  • Ultimately, Rajroop was made Thanedar of Ghazni but he died in 1661.

Mandhata (A.D. 1661-1700)

  • After the death of Raja Rajrup Singh, Mandhata(son of Rajroop Singh) was recognized as Raja.
  • He was the last of Nurpur in active Mughal service. He also eulogies in praise of his grandfather Jagat Singh.
  • He was made governor of Bamiyan and Ghorband by Aurangzeb and temple of Braj Raj in Nurpur fort was spared from the wrath of Aurangzeb by him.

Prithvi Singh (A.D. 1735-89)

  • At that time, Mughal power was in the throes of dissolution.
  • In 1752, Punjab was ceded to Ahamd Shah Durrani by his namesake, the emperor of Delhi.
  • Due to this disorder, all the hill chiefs recovered their territory from the Mughal rule.
  • In A.D. 1758, ‘Adina Beg Khan’ was appointed governor of Punjab who brought the whole of the hill states under his control.
  • In 1770, Jassa Singh Ramgarhia succeeded to control hill states including Nurpur but was defeated in plains by Jai Singh Kanheya in 1775 who retained Nurpur till 1786.
  • Prithvi Singh succeeded to acquire area from Basholi name ‘Lakhanpur’.

Bir Singh (A.D. 1789-1846)

  • He was fated to be the last ruling chief of Nurpur.
  • When Maharaja Ranjit Singh captured Nagarkot fort from raja Sansar Chand, he also acquired supremacy overall his states including Nurpur.
  • In 1815 Ranjit Singh called for a military assembly at ‘Sialkot’ of hill chiefs, but raja of Nurpur and Jaswan failed to attempt and were fined heavily.
  • The Raja of Jaswan surrendered his state.
  • Bir Singh was left with a Jagir and the state was signed by Ranjit Singh.
  • In 1816, he was plotting against Ranjit Singh with the help of Shah Suja(exiled Amir of Kabul) for this, he was forced to settle in ‘Arki’.
  • Bir Singh reached Nurpur in disguise and raised a revolt in 1826.
  • Bir Singh fled to Chamba, he was married to the sister of Chamba Raja Charhat Singh who in fear of after consequences delivered Bir Singh to Majithia who kept him confined in “Govindgarh” fort at Amritsar for seven years.
  • Later Raja Charhat paid Rs 85,000 to Ranjit Singh for his release.
  • He was offered a Jagir at Kathlot but again declined.

Nurpur Fort

  • It is mentioned in Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri that it was founded by Raja Basu.
  • In the western end of fort Thakurdwara was built by Raja Mandhata which is a shrine dedicated to Vishnu. The image of Krishna, called Brajraj was made of Black marble.
  • There is one image of Devi, a pedestral of which bears an inscription in the Sanskrit and Nagri alphabet.
  • In 1886 ruins of the temple were excavated by Mr. CJ Rodgers(archeological survey of Punjab government) in the fort.
  • This temple was 117 feet long and 50 feet wide. It was built of red sandstone and consists of three chambers i.e., a mandapa(outer) Antralaya(Central) and Garbha Griha(inner).
  • This type of temple did not found in any part of Punjab. This was very similar to those of the famous temple of Govardhan near Mathura.

Raja Jaswant Singh(AD 1846-98)

  • In 1846, East India Company captured the Kangra valley.
  • Jaswant Singh was given the annual Jagir of Rs. 5,000/ and Nurpur state was merged with Kangra.
  • Ram Singh(wazir) took forces from the Jammu and captured Shahpur fort and declared Jaswant Singh, Raja of Nurpur, and himself as Wazir, but soon British army forced him to flee to Gujarat.
  • The Commissioner of Jallandhara at that time was Sir Henry Lawrence and Kangra district collector Mr. Barnes.
  • In 1849, Ram Singh again took a position on the Dalle ka Dhar near Pathankot but betrayed by a Brahmin friend named Pahar Chand and captured by British Army.
  • Jagir was granted for Britishers to Raja in 1861 as a reward for the loyalty shown by Raja during the 1857 revolt.

Raja Gagan Singh(AD 1898-1952)

  • He was 6th Viceregal Darbari in Kangra District, an honorary magistrate in Kangra District.
  • He died 1952.

Raja Devendra Singh

  • In 1952, he was made Raja of Nurpur.

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