Una History Notes

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Una History Notes

  • In ancient times, the Una district(Present) was part of the erstwhile Kangra state.
  • The majority of the present Una district was called Jaswan Dun. Jaswan Dun was ruled by Kangra’s Katoch dynasty.
  • The capital of the state was Rajpura(near Amb).
  • In 1170 AD Purab Chand of Katoch family founded the Jaswan state.
  • Jaswan State was the first offshoot of the Kangra state.
  • From the Founder Purab Chand to last Raja Umed Singh, the state is ruled by 27 Rajas.
  • During the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar, Jaswan became part of the Empire.
  • After the decline of the Mughal empire, Jaswan was annexed by Sikhs under Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1815 AD.
  • Umed Singh of Jaswan was ordered Ranjit Singh to attend the assembly at Sialkot.
  • Umed Singh refused to attend an assembly at Sialkot, so he was fined beyond his capacity. After that Jaswan was annexed by Ranjit Singh.
  • In the Second Sikh war(1848), Umed Singh supported the Sikhs. After the defeat of Sikhs, Umed Singh and his son were deported to Almora where they died.
  • In 1879, a jagir(21 villages) was restored to Ran Singh, grandson of Umed Singh.
  • This Jagir consists of 21 villages in Jaswan Dun and also a family garden at ‘Amb’ as well as the palace.
  • In 1892, Ran Singh died.
  • Ran Singh was succeeded by his son Raja Raghunath Singh.
  • Raghunath Singh died in 1918.
  • Raghunath Singh was succeeded by Laxman Singh, who resided at Amb.
  • Una district(present) comprises Jaswan Dun and Kutlehr state on the Eastern side. On the northern side lies the Siba State.

Kutlehr State

  • The old princely state of Kutlehr is a part of the Una district.
  • Kutlehr consisted of two provinces Chauki and Kutlehr.
  • In all the principalities of the Kangra area, Kutlehr was the smallest.
  • The founder of this state was a Brahmin. He was recognized as Rajput when he acquires the regal power.
  • Capital-Kot-Kutlehr.
  • A Raja named Jaspal in the 10th and 11th century conquered the taluqas of ‘Talhati’ and ‘Kutlehr’.
  • Jaspal’s second son and grandson are said to be the founder of small states of Bhajji and Koti respectively in Shimla hills.
  • The name of the clan- Kutlehria.
  • Kutlehr’s extent was maximum in reigns of early emperors of Mughals which consisted of territories like Chauki, Kutlehr, Man-Khandi(Nadaun), and Talhati.
  • Sanads were granted to rulers of the state by Mughal emperors. Under the Sanad, rulers were provided the title ‘Rai’ and the right to rule over the land. Also, tribute was extracted from rulers.
  • There is no reference to Kutlehr state in the Mohammedan history of the time.
  • In 1758, Ahmed Shah Durrani appointed Ghamand Chand of Kangra as Governor, he soon annexed the northern province of Kutlehr state.
  • In 1786, Raja of Kutlehr was expelled from his territory by Sansar Chand.
  • It was restored to raja during the Gurkha invasion.
  • In 1809, the state was under the Sikhs. In 1825, Ranjit Singh tried to seize the territory but Raja Narain Pal(Kutlehr) stopped him to do so.
  • Raja Narain Pal agreed on the payment of Rs 10,000/-.
  • During the first Sikh war, Raja Narain Pal expelled Sikhs from Kotwalbah fort.
  • He died in 1864 and was succeeded by his son, Raja Ram Pal.
  • Raja Ram Pal was succeeded by his son Brij Mohan Pal.

Brij Mohan Pal(1928-1937)

  • He was born in 1890, educated privately and at the Chiefs’ College in Lahore
  • He was 5th Vice regal Darbari in Kangra District.
  • Brij Mohan Pal died in 1937. He was succeeded by his son Mahendra Pal in 1937.

Mahendra Pal(1937-1948)

  • He was born on 4th July 1934 in Hari Kothi, Dharamshala, and educated at Aitchison Chief’s College, Lahore.
  • After the merger of Kutlehar riyasat in Himachal Pradesh, he was associated with the implementation of welfare schemes in the area.
  • He was succeeded by his son Budheshwar Pal in 2014.
  • Before 1966, the Una district was a tehsil of the Hoshiarpur district of Punjab.
  • After the reorganisation of Punjab in 1966, hilly areas of Una tehsil was transferred to Himachal Pradesh.
  • Una remained part of the Kangra district from 1966-1972 as tehsil.
  • In 1972, three districts, namely Una, Hamirpur, and Kangra were carved out of erstwhile Kangra district.

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